SPECIAL PROCEDURES IN AYURVEDIC PANCHAKARMA THERAPY
Panchakarma is an ancient method of purification therapy in Ayurveda, it is a fivefold cleansing & curative management process for the human body & to the deep-rooted dreaded ailments. It is to bring the aggravated dosha's into balance by eliminating the accumulated ‘ama’ (toxins) from the body through the normal modes of the excretory system as well as by emesis. Prior to the Panchakarma treatments, there is a set of preliminary (detoxification) treatments called ‘poorvakarma’. It is to bring the accumulated toxins from the tissues and cells to outside for an easy evacuation through orifices. The ‘poorvakarma’ is done in two ways that are by oleation and sudation. Those process would be done/administered for a period of 7 to 21 days according to the acute & chronic condition of the ailment.
This is a special type of oil massage a principal healing tool in which strokes are given according to the circulatory channels for 45 minutes to one hour. This treatment is very useful for loss of skin texture, sleeplessness, fatigue, other Vata predominant diseases and improves blood circulation. The oils selected according to body type to detox, nourish and revitalize the body each and every cells.It helps in promotion of tissue strength, vigor, and vitality.
In this procedure, the person would be made to lie down in a wooden container which is the size of the average human body. The bundle of cloth would be dipped into the lukewarm oil and then squeezed slowly. It would be done slowly so that the oil may spread equally with the same amount of heat and then briskly. The patients head should not sweat during this Pizhichil treatment This Pizhichil would generally lasts for a period of 7 to 21 days for about 60 to 90 minutes per day. This Pizhichil treatment id very useful for rheumatic diseases like arthritis, paralysis, hemiplegia, sexual weakness, nervous weakness, and nervous disorders.
Njavarakizhi - Medicinal Porridge Pouching
Njavarakizhi is a type of sedation process in which the whole body or any specific part there is made to perspire by Navara Kizhi the application of certain medicinal puddings externally in the form of boluses tied up in a muslin bag. This is applied by two to four masseurs for about 60 to 90 minutes per day for a period of 14 days. Njavarakizhi is effective for al type of rheumatism, pain in the joints, emaciation of limbs, muscular degeneration and is very effective especially for polio and paralysis
Elakizhi- Herbal Leaves Ball Pouching
Herbal poultices are prepared with various herbs and medicated powders. The poultices are warmed in medicated oils and used to massage entire body, neck, shoulders, hand and back, shifting the person from side to side. The massage can promote better circulation within the affected area thereby promoting increased perspiration, which helps the skin to eliminate wastes. It also helps to tone the skin and can be relaxing.
Sirodhara is a continuous flow of oil specially prepared herbal liquids on the forehead. Sirodhara is carried out, by shirodharausing a pot having a yarn wick fitted into the hole. This pot would be hanged over the wooden vessel in which the patient is lying. The medications would be poured into the pot and the liquid would be gradually trickled onto the head. The herbal oils, medicated milk, medicated butter milk, etc., from the portions of medications and it would be carried out for about 40 minutes in a day for a period of 7 to 21 days. This treatment is very effective for people suffering from insomnia, loss of memory, head aches, mental tension, and certain skin diseases.
Udvarthanam- Powder Massage
This treatment is otherwise is called as powder massage. this is found very effective in obesity hemiplegia, paralysis, skin diseases, impaired circulation etc. and similar Kapha predominant diseases. In this procedure some certain special herbal powders are applied by two therapists in a peculiar way on the body for about 30 to 40 minutes daily for a period of 14 to 28 days.
Certain lukewarm herbal oils are poured into a cap fitted on the head and held for 15 to 60 minutes per day according to the patient's conditions for a period of 7 days. This treatment is highly effective for facial paralysis, dryness of nostrils, mouth, and throat, severe headaches and other diseases of head.
This is a special procedure in which a mixture of medicinal decoction and cow’s milk is heated and the steam thus liberated is passed to a tube and applied over the affected area or whole body. This is found very effective in facial paralysis, speech disorders, ptosis etc.
This is a process in which medicated herbal paste is applied on the affected part. This is useful for various type of inflammatory conditions, skin diseases, arthritis, gout etc.
Various medicinal herbs selected according to Dosha predominance is made into a paste and applied to the scalp for 30 to 45 minutes. This treatment is good for insomnia, premature greying and other problems related to the hair and scalp.
This is a process of medicated fumes applied to the ears for 5 to 10 minutes. This process help to clean ear and avoids ailments associated to the ear..
It is a cleaning process of the eyes which gives a cooling effect, prevents eye diseases and strengthens the optic nerve.
In this treatment, a pool is made in the low back area by horse gram flour, which is then filled with heated medicated oils to treat various low back ailments.
Whole body massage with herbal oil or herbal powder by hand and foot for 90 minutes. This is good for rejuvenating the body, to reduce mental tension, sexual weakness, to improve vitality etc.